A computer process refers to a computer program having a unique process identification or also called as PID. Basically, on the Linux operating system, a process may be running in the background, foreground or may be in a suspended state. It might possible that on Linux, the OS shell may not return the prompt to the end-user unless the current process that is running is finished. As a result, many processes that take a substantial amount of time to execute and keep you from utilizing the console until the process is finished running.
The most common issue that arises for Linux users is to kill or background a process so that other tasks are conducted on the system. In order to kill a process, a signal has to be sent using the Linux kill command.
Step 1: Enter the below Linux command to get the PID for the running process on your system which you want to kill.
Once you enter the above command it will return with something similar to the following:
PID TTY TIME CMD
1234 dz07 0:50 edit myBook
1235 dz07 0:47 -csh
Step 2: Enter the following Linux kill command to terminate the first process mentioned in the example above:
kill -1 1234
Enter the following command to terminate the second active process:
kill -1 1235
Step 3: It is possible that the kill -1 does not work, in such a case, you will need to use the -9 argument to clear the process from your system. Use the following command:
kill -9 1234
kill -9 1235
Step 4: Instead you can also kill all the instances of a given process by using the killall command. Enter as shown below:
<pname> refer to the process name.
This tutorial is applicable only on VPS or a Dedicated Server, as it requires root access to the server.
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